Variables, expressions, and statements. [Oct. 5, 2011, 8:07 p.m.]



Lets look at three components of many programming languages.

Three primary tools we will be working with are:

  • Statements - small parts of a program that do not necessarily return a result. A program is formed by a sequence of one or more statements.
  • Names (a.k.a. variables) - pointers to data stored in memory.
  • Expressions - combination of names, symbols,  functions, and/or operators that return another value.

These three aspects are fundamental to programming in general and will be explored throughout this course.

Examples:
In Python, statements can take many forms and work with many programming elements such as names and operators.

Names are labels that point to a specific item in the computer's memory. Below, a_name points to the memory location of a_value.

a_name = a_value

Expressions are a subset of statements and typically return some result. Basic examples of expressions include arithmetic operations.

Operators are included in expressions and consist of symbols such as +, -, /, *, **, etc.

2 + 3
3 - 2
5 * 5
10 / 5

Learning Resources

Assignment

  1. Review the documents in the learning resources section.
  2. Be sure to complete the excercises as we are here to practice.
  3. Copy your completed excercises and share them via a pastebin service such as dPaste.

If you have any questions or difficulties post them here and we will work together to make sure that everyone has a positive learning experience. Please also post ideas and insights into these concepts. We can learn a lot from each others' perspectives and experience :-)